Urea is an organic amide chemical with the formula: CO(NH2)2. The main consumer of urea is the agriculture industry, of which it consumes up nearly 90% of all produced urea for usage as a fertilizer and sometimes as a feed ingredient. Feed and fertilizer urea supplies plants and animals with nitrogen.
The pharmaceutical (medicinal), personal care, and chemical industries also employ urea in various processes.
* Biology: Urea is an important bio-chemical for mammals in the metabolism and excretion of nitrogenous compounds (notably ammonia, NH3).
* Pollution-Reducer: Diesel engines produce high concentrations of nitric oxide, a pollutant which can be nearly entirely removed using ammonia from urea in a process called urea-based selective catalytic reduction (SCR).
* Urea is used to create urea-formaldehyde resins.
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Agriculture, Chemical, Medicinal, Personal Care